What does "bipolar" mean? The affectionate word hides an unpleasant nervous system disorder. The diminutive endearment for bipolar disorder came into common usage after a text by a rapper popular with young people.
In fact, there's nothing cute or funny about the condition. Bipolar disorder is quite common and many stars have dealt with it. Recently, Kathryn Zeta-Jones openly announced that she has the disorder. Kurt Cobain, Marilyn Monroe, Jimi Hendrix, Ernest Hemingway. Anyone can get it. Today we're going to find out what it is — bipolar.
Bipolar disorder is manic-depressive psychosis. In simple words, it is a mood disorder. It is characterised by periodic changes in the emotional background. Both good and bad moods are expressed in an extreme form. This is either unrestrained joy, or a deafening depression, when even with the bed is difficult to get up. In between the phases, the person returns to normal, going into remission. Between episodes, they are able to lead a full life. How do you know if what is happening is bipolar? What distinguishes it from ordinary mood swings?
A person with bipolar affective disorder tends to do things that are completely out of character for them. A workaholic may suddenly quit his job. The thrifty one will spend all their savings. Often people with the disorder abuse alcohol or psychotropic substances at the time of the attack. They find it difficult to stop, which leads to health and relationship problems.
After this period, depression inevitably sets in. The person feels guilty. This is exacerbated by losses that have occurred during the manic period (financial or personal). The person isolates themselves from society. Sometimes they stop going out of the house altogether.
The external and internal signs of bipolar disorder are related to the phases of the illness. In some patients, they run one after the other, constantly replacing each other, i.e. without a break.
This phase lasts at least seven days. Its manifestations are:
Psychology sees this phase as a combination of three processes. Mood rises, movement speeds up and thinking activity increases. The more severe the attack, the more pronounced these symptoms become.
This phase lasts at least four days. It is characterized by:
The longest by duration — at least two weeks. It is characterized by:
In primary bipolar disorder, the depressive phase comes first. This makes it difficult to diagnose the disorder immediately. Doctors may confuse it with recurrent depressive disorder and start treatment with antidepressants.
Women are more often diagnosed with the disorder than men. It has not been possible to find out what this is due to. But the fact is confirmed by statistics. Specific causes have not been established, but there are some peculiarities in the manifestation:
Is there a way to recognise that "bipolar" is something that is happening to you? Or is it just a normal mood swings? There are two types of the disorder; they differ in the severity of the psychosis and the combination of phases. In the first type, the disorder is severe, with mania and depression becoming intrusive and unbearable. In the second type, the mania is not as strong, but the depression is harsh and uncompromising. More often, it is the second type, and the trigger is a psychological crisis in the life of the patient.
If you have suspicions, see a doctor immediately. This should be done if there are ten or more of the above symptoms. In particular, the patient is at risk when suicidal thoughts appear.
The first step is to see a general practitioner. The doctor will prescribe an examination. Urine and thyroid tests may give an indication of a different kind of illness, which is similar in its manifestations to bipolar disorder. Certain diseases (diabetes, hypothyroidism, etc.) produce similar symptoms. By excluding these pathologies it is easier to make a diagnosis. You need to treat the true cause of the mood disorder.
The second step is to see a psychologist. The doctor will examine the patient's lifestyle, conduct questionnaires and tests, examine the family environment, psychological trauma and memories from childhood. Based on the findings, if the diagnosis is confirmed, treatment will be prescribed. This can be either behavioural or medical, depending on the severity.
Bipolar personality disorder is a condition that can be controlled. If diagnosed, share this information with your loved ones. This could be a family member you trust or a friend. The support of a loved one is important for recovery.
The next step is to review your lifestyle. Giving up bad habits will slow down the manifestation of crisis situations. It is desirable to start eating right, so that the body receives all the necessary microelements.
Walking in the fresh air helps to bring oxygen to the brain and improve blood circulation. This, in turn, calms and enables the brain to recover. A relaxing hobby organises your leisure time and gives you a chance to take your mind off sad thoughts.
For those who like to be active, sports are the best remedy. Physical fatigue after a workout promotes healthy sleep and normalises the body. Use a daily routine that avoids activities that make you sad and depressed.
Studying the case histories of "peers" with bipolar disorder can help. Those who have survived the illness reveal their treatment options in open sources. The information will provide insight and options for an effective recovery process.